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Spanish Facts


Image(España in Spanish) comes from the Latin name Hispania

  • Capital: Madrid
  • Official Language: Spanish. In some autonmous communitities, Aranese, Basque, Catalan and Galician are co-official
  • Population: 44 Million (2006)
  • King: Juan Carlos I
  • Prime Minister: Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero
  • Currency: Euro

Spain, is a country located in Southern Europe, with two small exclaves in North Africa, politically organized as a parliamentary monarchy. It is the largest of the three sovereign nations that make up the Iberian Peninsula—the others are Portugal and the microstate of Andorra.

Spanish and English are in a virtual dead heat to be the second most spoken language in the world. As of 1999, Spanish had 332 million speakers, while English had 322 million. They were far behind Chinese, with 885 million. (If people who speak English as a second language were included, however, English would come out on top.)


Other countries or semi-autonomous areas with significant Spanish-speaking populations include Andorra, Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, France, Gibraltar, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, the Philippines, Puerto Rico, Uruguay, the United States and Venezuela.

Nearly 30 percent of the residents of Spain have a first language other than Spanish, although most also use Spanish as a second language. Languages of Spain include Catalan (some 12 percent of the population speak it as a first language, and even more speak it as a second language), Galician (8 percent of the population) and Basque (a little more than 1 percent). Source: Ethnologue.


Click on page 2 (Top right of Page) for Spanish History

Spanish History

Prehistorical Times
The oldest historical findings made in Spain date of about 30000 to 50000 b.c. Among the most important remains of this period are the caves Cova Negra (Játiva) and Piñar (Granada).

The Celt-Iberian Spain
The Iberian population probably arrived to the peninsula from the north of Africa. Tartessos, probably an iberian tribe, founded an important kingdom of high culture in the valley of Guadalquivir river, in the south of Spain. By 1200 b.C. Celtic tribes entered the peninsula from the north, mixing up with Iberians and so generating the celt-iberian race. The origin of the bask race living in the north of the country is uncertain, but many historians suppose that it goes back to a pre-iberian population.
Phoenicians, Greeks and Carthaginians

By 1100 b.C. Phoenicians arrived to the peninsula and founded colonies, the most important of which was Gadir (today's Cadiz). Also Greeks founded colonies in southern Spain and along the Mediterranean coast.
During the Punic Wars between Rome and Carthago Carthaginians invaded Spain and conquered large parts of it. Their most important colonies were the island Ibiza and Cartagena, the "new Carthago".

Romans and Goths
After Rome had defeated Carthago definitely, Romans also invaded the colonies in Spain, and ended up conquering the entire peninsula. The province Hispania became part and parcel of Roman empire and acquired great importance, even two Roman emperors, Traian and Hadrian, were born there. Spaniards absorbed completely the Roman culture as still today is very evident in their language.In 409, when the Roman empire started to fall, Gothic tribes invaded the peninsula and established their kingdom in 419.

Moorish Epoch and Reconquista

Gothic dominance lasted until 711, when Muslim armies crossed the Straight of Gibraltar and defeated Roderic, the last Visigoth king. Specially the southern parts of Spain, called al-Andalus, were prospering in the Moorish epoch, thanks to new sciences and agricultural technics. The Moors conquered major parts of the country until they were defeated for the first time by Visigoth king Pelayo at Covadonga in northern Spain, 722.

Though the small Christian kingdoms in the north were a nucleus of resistence, the Arabian culture was prospering in the rest of the country. The Muslim Spain by the time got politically independent of the Arabian empire, and in 10th century Abderraman III. made Al-Andalus his own caliphate. In this epoch Cordoba was the indisputable cultural center of this area of the world. Decadence started in 11th century, when the various Arabian noble families were more and more at variance among themselves, and al-Andalus broke into numerous small caliphates. The Christian kingdoms in the north started then the reconquest of Spain. The marriage between Isabel of Castilia and Ferdinand of Aragon in 1469, uniting the two most important among them, was the turning point of the Reconquista. From now on Muslims rapidly lost territory, until they were definitely expelled when they lost their last remaining caliphate, Granada, in 1492.

The Catholic Monarchs
Isabel and Ferdinand succeeded in uniting the whole country under their crown, and their effort to "re-christianize" Spain resulted in the Spanish Inquisition, when thousands of Jews and Moors who didn't want to convert to Christianism were expelled or killed.

After the discovery of America by Christopher Columbus in 1492 tons of gold and silver were brought in from the new continent, and Spain became one of the most powerful nations of this epoch called the Golden Age.
Habsburg and Borbon Kings
After Isabel died in 1504, her daughter Joan who was married with the German emperor's son Philip succeeded to the throne. Charles I., at the same time Austrian king and German emperor united in 1517 one of the largest empires in history. Anyhow after his retirement in 1556 it was split between the Spanish and the Austrian line of Habsburg family.
Spain was prospering economically under the Habsburg crown thanks to the trade with its American colonies, but on the hand involved in wars with France, the Netherlands and England, culminating in the disastrous defeat of the "Invincible Armada" in 1588.

When the last Habsburg King Charles II. died without descendant, the nephew of French King Louis XIV., Philip of Borbon, successed to the throne. As a consequence of the French Revolution, Spain declared war on the new republic but was defeated. Napoleon took the power in France and sent his troops against Spain in 1808. He established his brother Joseph as Spanish king, but Spaniards fought a 5-year Independence War against the French. After Napoleon's definite defeat at Waterloo in 1815, Ferdinand VII. was restored to the Spanish throne and reigned with rigid absolutism. When he changed the law of succession to the throne and his daughter Isabel was established as queen, his brother Charles rebelled against it and the War of Seven Years broke out. Economical recession and political instability were the consequences, Spain lost its colonies with the exceptions of Puerto Rico, Cuba and Philippines. The revolution of 1868 forced Isabel II. to renounce to the throne, and the First Republic was proclaimed. Anyhow, it lasted for just about one year. After a coup d'état Isabel's son, Alphonse XII., restored the kingdom. The rebellion of Cuba in 1895 resulted in a war against United States, with disastrous results for Spain. It lost its last overseas possessions.

20th Century
The economical crisis of the early 1920s led the country to the brink of civil war, and General Primo de Ribera established a military dictature until 1930. Elections in 1931 saw a triumph for the political left, and Alphonse XIII. left the country. Increasing conflicts between the Republican government and the Nationalist opposition led to the Spanish Civil War (1936-39). The Nationalists, led by General Franco, received extensive support from Nazi-Germany and fascist Italy and succeeded against the Republican block which was officially supported only by Russia, although many intellectuals (as Ernest Hemingway) and politically committed from other countries fought in the International Brigades. The nationalists succeeded.
Although Franco kept Spain neutral during World War II, his military dictature led to political and economical isolation. During the 1950s and 60s every effort was taken to improve international relations, and the country's economy recovered. In 1969 Franco proclaimed Juan Carlos de Borbon, the grandson of Alphonse XIII., his successor with the title of king.

Franco died in 1975, and a constitutional monarchy was established. President Adolfo Suarez introduced important political reforms. When he surprisingly dismissed in 1981, a group of militars tried to take the power with a coup, but failed. In 1982 the socialist party won the elections and Felipe Gonzalez became president of the government. Spain became member of the NATO in 1985 and entered the European Community in 1986. In 1992 it appeared impressively at the world stage: Barcelona hosted the Olympic Games, Seville the world exposition EXPO'92, and Madrid was declared European Cultural Capital.


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:: Website Advertising

The Website is continuously promoted in the monthly Grapevine Magazine, as well as linking to other quality websites in the Axarquia region of Spain and other relevant websites.

1. Premium Button

One of the top three buttons seen across the top of every website page:

 Commitment  Cost p/month  Cost p/month with discount
 3 Months  180 Euros  126 Euros
 6 Months  150 Euros  105 Euros
The three premium buttons are subject to availability and are currently taken on a long term commitment.

2. Village Banners

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The above banners will appear at the top of the village profile pages. The advertiser can decide which village pages they want their banner to appear on.

 Advertising Villages  Cost p/month
 1 Banner  -  10 Euros
 3 Banners  3 Separate villages  21 Euros
 5 Banners  5 Separate villages  25 Euros
 10 Banners  10 Seperate villages  40 Euros

These text banners are subject to availability.

Payment is in advance only.

Commitment period of 6 months only. 

3. Long Banner


The above banner will appear the bottom of selected pages.

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 3 Banners  3 Separate pages  21 Euros
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These text banners are subject to availability.

Payment is in advance only.

Commitment period of 6 months only. 

4. One Page Advert

100 Euros - 1 Webpage

If your business does not have a website The Grapevine can offer you a webpage for 100 Euros one off, only fee.

You will recieve your own web address e.g which can be used on any paper publicity so people can go directly to your webpage.

Also, the webpage will be uploaded onto the Grapevine website as a link on the business directory page under the village of your preference. 


5. Online Business Directory

Price for 1: Year 50 Euros

All advertisers in the Grapevine Magazine on a three month or more commitment period receive a free listing in the Online Business Directory.


6. Website Link

To activate your Web Address link in the local business directory found on the village profile pages you will first need to link the Grapevine Website from your own website (Text Supplied) and the we willl activate the link on the Grapevine website.


7. Holidays Rentals

Price for 1: Year 50 Euros

The Grapevine Holiday Rentals section is an affordable way of promoting your holiday home over the internet. For a small fee of just 50 Euros per year, a photo and description of your property will be added to our growing database. The website is now receiving thousands of hits every week from potential clients interested in the Axarquia area. Which makes the grapevine website the No.1 choice for owners of holiday homes wishing to promote there properties.


 :: Online Payment


To make a secure online payment, follow the three steps below.

1. Decide on which advertising package you require and send an email requesting this to This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

2. "The Grapevine Magazine" will then send you a payment form by email via PayPal, requesting payment.

3. Simply enter your payment details into the form and follow the online instructions.


:: Magazine Advertising

The Grapevine Magazine initially started as an inland publication around Competa, Canillas de Albaida, Archez and Sayalonga however then expanded to the coast and to other inland villages.

The Grapevine Magazine is successful due to its local content, information, articles written by locals, professional look and affordable advertising rates. We have an excellent renewal rate from advertisers, proving that our formula of distributing a high volume of magazines in selected areas creates interest and serious business - try The Grapevine - it works!

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Full Page 150 Euros 130 Euros 120 Euros
Half Page 100 Euros 80 Euros 70 Euros
Quarter Page 45 Euros 40 Euros 35 Euros
Eighth Page 30 Euros 25 Euros 20 Euros
  •  If required adverts can be designed free of charge.
  • For all payments on 3 & 6 month commitments paid online, there is a further 10% discount on the above listed prices.
  • 3&6 month advertisers can provide editorial or “The Grapevine” can write about the establishment/business and this will be published in the magazine within the advertisers commitment period.
  • All 6 month advertisers receive a free listing in The Grapevine Business Directory at the back of the magazine.
  • All 3 & 6 month advertisers receive a free listing in The Online Business Directory.
  • To activate your Web Address Link in the Online Business Directory you will first need to link the Grapevine Website from your own website (Text Supplied)
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For more information on advertising please call:
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